Felsefenin Zaman Çizelgesi

ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY
650 B.C.E. THE IONIANS

Thales (624-546)
Anaximander (611-547)
Anaximenes (599-524)

The Period of Naturalism The Beginning of Western Philosophy in Ancient Greece
600 B.C.E. Heraclitus of Ephesus (540-460)

Pythagoras (570-?)

550 B.C.E. THE ELEATIC SCHOOL

Xenophanes of Colophon
Parmenides of Elea (540-?)
Zeno of Elea

The Golden Age of Greece (480-399)The Persian WarsThe Peloponnesian War
500 B.C.E. THE PLURALISTS

Empedocles (490-430)
Anaxagoras (500-428)

450 B.C.E. THE ATOMISTS

Democritus (460-370)
Leucippus

400 B.C.E. THE SOPHISTS

Protagoras
Gorgias

The Metaphysical Period
350 B.C.E. Socrates (470-399)Plato (428-347)Aristotle (384-322) The Decline and Fall of Greek Freedom (399-322)The Hellenistic Dispersion (322-146)
STOICISM
Zeno (336-264)

EPICUREANISM
Epicurus (342-270)

SKEPTICISM
Pyrrho of Elis (365-275)

ECLECTICISM
Antiochus

 

The Ethical Period
250 B.C.E. GREEK SCIENCE

Euclid (c. 300)
Archimedes (287-212)
Apollonius (260-200)
Ptolemy

50 B.C.E. THE JUDAIC-
ALEXANDRIAN SCHOOL

Philo of Alexandria
(30 BCE – 50 CE)

The Religious Period Greece and Macedonia Become a Province of Rome (146)The Roman Empire
(146 BCE – 192 CE)Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (193-305)The Triumph of Christianity (306-325)

 

THE NEO-
PYTHAGOREAN SCHOOL

Apollonius of Tiana

50 C.E.to900 C.E. THE NEO-PLATONIC
SCHOOL

Ammonius Saccas of Alexandria (176-242)

Plotinus (205-270)
St. Augustine (354-430)
John Scotus Erigena
(815-877)
The Period of Scholastic Philosophy The Dark Ages (566-1095)
1000 C.E.to1399 C.E. THE MYSTICS

St. Peter Damian
(1007-1072)St. Bernard of Clairvaux
(1091-1153)

THE DIALECTICIANS

St. Anselm (1033-1109)Peter Abelard (1079-1142)John of Salisbury (1110-1182)

 

The Middle Ages
Albertus Magnus (1193-1280)Roger Bacon (1214-1294)St. Bonaventure (1221-1274)St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

John Duns Scotus (1265-1308)

William of Ockham (?-1349)

 

1400 C.E.to1600 C.E. Master Eckhart (1260-1327) Beginning of Modern Humanism The Renaissance (1304-1576)The Reformation (1517-1564)
HUMANISMNicholas of Cusa (1401-1464)Bernardio Telesio (1509-1588)Giorano Bruno (1548-1600)

Tommaso Campanella
(1568-1639)

 

Niccolo Machiavelli
(1469-1527)

 

MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY  
 
1600 C.E. to the Present Day Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)  
EMPIRICISM

Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
John Locke (1632-1704)
Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
George Berkeley (1685-1753)
David Hume (1711-1776)

RATIONALISM

Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677)
Nicholas de Malebranche (1538-1715)
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)
Gottfried W. von Leibnitz (1646-1716)

 

 
THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Baron de Montesquieu
(1689-1775)
Jean Jacques Rousseau
(1712-1778)
Voltaire (1694-1778)

KANTIAN CRITICISM

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

IDEALISM

Johann Fichte (1762-1814)
Friedrich W. von Schelling
(1775-1854)
Friedrich Schleiermacher
(1768-1834)
Georg Hegel (1779-1831)
Johann Herbart (1776-1841)
Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788-1860)
Rudolph Herman Lotze
(1817-1881)
Gustav Theodor Fechner
(1801-1887)

 
POSITIVISM

FRENCH

August Comte (1798-1857)

GERMAN

Ludwig Fauerbach (1804-1872)
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)

UTILITARIANISM

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
James Mill (1773-1836)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

 
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) CRITICAL IDEALISM

Wilhelm Windelband (1848-1915)
Henrich Richert (1863-1936)
Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1912)
Rudolph Eucken (1846-1926)

GERMAN PSYCHOLOGISM

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)

 
AMERICAN IDEALISM

Josiah Royce (1855-1916)
Bordon Parker Bowne
(1847-1910)

THE NEW IDEALISM

Thomas Hill Green (1836-1882)
Francis Herbert Bradley
(1846-1924)
Bernard Bosanquet (1848-1923)
Benedetto Croce (1866-1952)
Giovanni Gentile (1875-1944)

 
PRAGMATICISM

Charles Sander Peirce
(1839-1914)

EVOLUTIONISM

Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)

 
PRAGMATISMWilliam James (1842-1910)
John Dewey (1859-1952)
PSYCHOANALYSISSigmund Freud (1856-1939) NEO-POSITIVISM

Moritz Schlick (1882-1936)
Ernst Mach (1838-1016)
Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
(1889-1951)
John Wisdom (1904-1993)
Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000)
Max Black (1909-1988)
Alfred J. Ayer (1910-1989)

 
EXISTENTIALISMSoren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
Karl Barth (1886-1968)
Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
Karl Jaspers (1883-1969)
Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973)
Jean Paul Sartre (1906-1980)
INTUITIONISM

Henri Bergson (1859-1941)PHENOMENOLOGY

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961)

 
NEO-REALISM

Franz Bretano (1838-1917)
Alexius Meinong (1853-1920)
Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)
S. Alexander (1859-1938)
Alfred North Whitehead
(1861-1947)
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)
George Santayana (1863-1952)
G.E. Moore (1873-1958)

THE FRANKFURT SCHOOL

Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979)
Theodor Adorno (1903-1969)
Erich Fromm (1900-1980)
Jurgen Habermas (1929- )

 

CRITICAL RATIONALISM

Karl Popper (1902-1994)

 

PHILOSOPHICAL HERMENEUTICS

Hans-Georg
Gadamer (1900- )

NEO-PRAGMATISM

Richard Rorty (1931- )

 

 

 
CULTURAL THEORY, STRUCTURALISM, POSTMODERNISM, & DECONSTRUCTIONISM
OBJECTIVISM

Ayn Rand (1905-1982)
Nathaniel Branden (1930- )

 
Gyorgy Lukacs (1885-1971)
Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937)
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913)
Claude Levi-Strauss (1908- )
Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
Jacques Derrida (1930- )
THE REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL REALISMJacques Maritain (1882-1973)
Mortimer Adler (1902-2001)
John Wild (1902-1972)
Jonathan Dolhenty (1938- )
 

 

 

Paylaş: